|[August 07, 2014]
Mosquitos Can Leave More Than Itchy Marks As Risk of Disease Increases in Late Summer
FAIRFAX, Va. --(Business Wire)--
Mosquito bites and summer go hand in hand, however reports of a rise in chikungunya
Nile virus (WNV) cases around the U.S. are a stark reminder that
these insects pose serious health threats. According to the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as of August 5, there are a total
of 484 chikungunya and 82 West Nile virus cases, including four recorded
deaths, in the United States, not including territories. The National
Pest Management Association (NPMA) reminds the public that as summer
winds down, mosquitoes
enter their most actie period, increasing the need for precautions.
"In late summer, preventing mosquito bites is paramount as there is no
specific treatment for either West Nile virus or chikungunya. Although
there have only been a few locally transmitted cases of chikungunya, the
number of travelers being diagnosed upon returning home has spiked
compared to years' past. It's best to never assume that the mosquito
buzzing around you or your family is disease-free," said Dr. Jorge
Parada, medical advisor to the NPMA.
Dr. Parada and the NPMA are advising Americans to become familiar with
the symptoms of each disease and to seek prompt medical attention if
According to the CDC, from 2006 - 2013, approximately 28 people per
year tested positive for chikungunya- all resulting from travel
outside the U.S. The first known locally-transmitted cases were
reported in Florida in July 2014. The disease is currently being
reported in 37 states.
Symptoms start four to eight days after the bite and generally resolve
after one week.
Patients experience severe joint pain (especially in hands and feet),
fever, headaches, muscle pain, rash and joint swelling.
The virus is typically not fatal, but can be extremely painful.
There is no treatment or preventative vaccine.
West Nile Virus (WNV)
WNV first appeared in North America in 1999 and has spread throughout
the U.S. ever since. It is found in nearly every state.
Symptoms begin anytime from three to 14 days after being bitten and
may persist for several weeks.
Patients experience swollen glands, eye pain, sore throat, nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain - symptoms that are very
similar to a summer flu.
Approximately 80 percent of human cases may not display any symptoms,
and a person may be unaware they have contracted WNV.
There is no treatment or vaccine, and in some cases WNV can be fatal.
According to the NPMA, practicing proper prevention measures can help
protect against mosquitoes and vector-borne disease:
Always apply insect repellant containing�DEET, picaridin, oil of
lemon-eucalyptus�or IR3535 when outdoors and use as directed on the
product label. Apply repellant over top of sunscreen, and reapply
every four to six hours.
Minimize outside activity between dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are
most active, though it is important to note that mosquitoes that
transmit chikungunya are active throughout the day.
Wear long pants, long-sleeved shirts and closed-toe shoes when
Eliminate areas of standing water around the home including clogged
gutters, birdbaths, flower pots, tires and kiddie pools or untreated
pools. Mosquitoes need only half an inch of water to breed.
Screen windows and doors, and patch torn screens.
For more information, visit PestWorld.org.
The NPMA, a non-profit organization with more than 7,000 members, was
established in 1933 to support the pest management industry's commitment
to the protection of public health, food and property.
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