Bharat Book Bureau: Distribution Automation Technology - A Value-Added Dimension for a Smarter Grid
(M2 PressWIRE Via Acquire Media NewsEdge) Distribution Automation (DA) involves any automation deployed in the planning, engineering, construction, operation, and maintenance of a distribution system. It also comprises interactions with the transmission system, interconnected Distributed Energy Resources (DER), and automated interfaces with end-users (IEEE, 2009). DA uses intelligent devices on distribution and feeder lines to assist with a number of applications such as Fault Detection, Isolation, service Restoration (FDIR); feeder load balancing; Volt-Ampere Reactive (VAR) dispatch; voltage control; Conservation Voltage Control (CVR); Integrated Volt-VAR Control (IVVC); equipment condition monitoring; and remote controlled fuse saving. DA also has a number of benefits, such as control and communication interoperability, faster restoration of outages, cost savings, enhanced operational reliability, and increased energy efficiency. However, challenges include data management, communication infrastructure, interoperability issues, and electronic equipment capabilities. There are a number of upcoming DA projects, which are increasing the use of DA systems. Key players include Open Systems International (OSI), ABB, General Electric Company (GE), Advanced Control Systems, IBM, Schneider Electric, and Siemens.
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